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8 Rules Of Creating A Research Paper Executive Summary


An executive summary is a paper that presents readers the main idea of the research. The importance of executive summaries is especially visible in technical papers that are packed with complicated words and formulas. As a rule, such summaries occupy 3 to 6 pages. Bigger summaries are rare. They appear in case there are illustrations that are essential for understanding, or other appendices.

As soon as it’s a very important part of your project, let’s see how you should write it to achieve success.

  1. Keep in mind the structure.
  2. In general, an executive summary has a rather precise structure. It involves a project summary, background, process of researching, finding, conclusions and recommendations for action. It does not mean that you must necessarily give an extended explanation of these points. They are here to help you stick to a precise guideline.

  3. Give a project summary.
  4. In it, speak three to five sentences about your project. Name the reason why the project was conducted, describe it briefly. Give a convincing statement about the problem that is being researched in your work. Speak about the goal of the project. Make this part quite laconic.

  5. Give attention to the background.
  6. Speak about the importance of this project, the factors that have moved you to undertake it. Give accent to the uniqueness of this project, inform your readers whether it can be treated as “first-of-the-kind”. Name your partners if you have had some.

  7. Speak about the research process.
  8. Describe the process and its length in time. Speak about its connection with other projects in the same area. Inform the readers about the data you needed to collect, about the data you have collected, and the methods you have used to collect it.

  9. Inform about findings and conclusions.
  10. In this part, you can speak about all the valuable results that have been achieved. Speak about the costs of the research and the valuable findings that make the project cost effective.

  11. Give recommendations.
  12. In this part you are supposed to speak about the way results of your work can be used in practice and whether they need additional procession before implementation.

  13. Use a simple language.
  14. Replace passive voice formulas with “to do” verbs. Use your everyday speech, avoiding complicated sentence structures, specific jargon and other peculiarities that are uncommon to readers. Round numbers off to keep them simple.

  15. Proofread, check and double-check the spelling and the entire paper when you are through with writing.
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